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    VOCs治理政策最新動態

    時間:2017-11-9 9:00:10

    VOCs是一類揮發性有機物的統稱,成分復雜,目前已經檢測出的VOCs種類已達300多種。VOCs排放源非常復雜,大類上可分為自然源和人為源。國家花大力氣在VOCs的污染防治工作上,VOCs治理政策持續加碼,VOCs監測、治理等相關產業也將迎來黃金發展期。
    VOCs is a kind of volatile organic compounds, the composition is complex, there have been detected in the VOCs type has reached more than 300. VOCs emission sources are very complex, which can be divided into natural and man-made sources. The country spent great efforts in the prevention and control of pollution of VOCs, VOCs governance policies continue to overweight, VOCs monitoring, governance and other related industries will also usher in the golden period of development.

    1、VOCs是一類揮發性有機物的統稱,成分復雜
    1, VOCs is a kind of volatile organic compounds, the composition is complex.

    VOCs是揮發性有機化合物的英文縮寫。根據世界衛生組織(WHO,1989)的定義:揮發性有機化合物(VOC)是指熔點低于室溫而沸點在50~260℃之間、室溫下飽和蒸氣壓超過133.3Pa的易揮發性有機化合物的總稱,其主要成分為烴類、硫化物、氨等。由于其成分復雜,目前已經檢測出的VOCs種類已達300多種。
    VOCs is an abbreviation for volatile organic compounds. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 1989): volatile organic compounds (VOC) is the general term for the volatile organic compounds, which is more volatile than 133.3Pa at room temperature, and the boiling point is at 50 ~ 260. Due to its complex composition, the VOCs type has been detected more than 300 kinds of.

    表1:VOCs定義與考慮因素
    Table 1:VOCs definitions and considerations


    2、VOCs來源廣泛,4省工業源排放達150萬噸
    2, VOCs 4, a wide range of sources, industrial sources of emissions to 1 million 500 thousand tons

    VOCs排放源非常復雜,大類上可分為自然源和人為源。自然源以植被排放為主,屬不可控源。在全球尺度上,VOCs的自然源與人為源排放相當,但對于重點區域來說,人為源的排放遠高于自然源,是自然源的6~18倍。
    VOCs emission sources are very complex, which can be divided into natural and man-made sources. Natural source is mainly based on vegetation, which is not controlled. On the global scale, the natural sources of VOCs are equivalent to anthropogenic sources, but for the key areas, anthropogenic emissions are much higher than natural sources, which are 6 ~ 18 times of natural sources.

    圖1:VOCs來源分為自然源和人為源
    Figure 1:VOCs source is divided into natural and man-made sources


    我國的人為源VOCs排放主要來源工業過程、機動車尾氣、涂料使用等,其中以工業過程的VOCs排放量大、種類多。2014年,山東、江蘇、廣東和浙江4個省份的工業源VOCs年排放量在100~150萬噸范圍內,合計排放量超過了全國總排放量的38.3%;遼寧、河南、河北、上海、四川、湖北和福建等7個省市的排放量在40-80萬噸之間,合計排放量占全國比重為28.7%;余下20個省市的排放量則在0.3~40萬噸之間,排放量貢獻率為33%。
    In China, the main source of anthropogenic VOCs emissions from industrial processes, motor vehicle exhaust, paint, etc., in which the industrial process of VOCs emissions, a variety of. 2014, Shandong, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Zhejiang provinces of 4 industrial sources 100~150 emissions in the range of VOCs years, the total emissions exceeded the national total emissions of 7; Liaoning, Hebei, Shanghai, Sichuan, Hubei and Fujian provinces and cities in 38.3% provinces, the total emissions accounted for 28.7% of the country, and the remaining 20 provinces and cities in the 0.3~40 million tons, the contribution rate was 33%.

    從地域上看,我國工業源VOCs排放量集中分布在東部、南部和北部,其中山東、浙江、江蘇省等區域VOCs排放量大的城市最多,而東南部、東北部和北部地區排放量大的城市數量較少,僅集中分布在少數幾個經濟發達和人口稠密的城市;西部地區工業發展相對落后,且地域廣闊和人口相對較少,大部分地區的排放水平很低。
    From the region, the VOCs emissions of industrial sources are concentrated in the East, South and North, including Shandong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu province and other regions of province, and the southeast, northeast and northern regions are less than a few economically developed and densely populated cities.

    圖2:我國工業源分市縣VOCs排放情況
    Figure 2: China's industrial sources in cities and counties VOCs emissions


    圖3:我國各省市VOCs排放情況
    Figure 3: VOCs emissions in various provinces and cities in China


    3、VOCs治理政策持續加碼,排污費征收開啟上千億市場空間
    3, VOCs governance policies continue to overweight, sewage charges levied on billions of open market space

    霧霾經久不散,清新空氣成為人們迫切需要,也因此成為國家政策引導的主題。從2010年5月到2015年6月,5年之間,國家出臺了12項法規政策以確保VOCs得到有效控制。政策發布單位涵蓋環保部、財政部、工信部、國務院等,表明了國家嚴控VOC,從源頭上把控霧霾的決心。2013年國務院出臺號稱“史上最嚴格”的空氣污染防治計劃(《大氣污染防治行動計劃》),為我國未來五年開展大氣污染治理奠定了基礎。在13年法規基礎上修訂的《大氣污染防治法》征求意見稿中,VOCs的產品標準被單列一條,要求制定燃煤、燃油、石油焦、生物質燃料、煙花爆竹、涂料等含揮發性有機物的產品質量標準,明確環保要求。在工業大氣污染防治章節中,共有四條是和VOCs廢氣的防治有關,占到了該章節的一半以上,后面的相關章節中也多次涉及VOCs防控相關,由此可見國家將會花大力氣在VOCs的污染防治工作上,VOCs治理相關產業也將迎來黃金發展期。
    Fog and haze is not scattered, fresh air to become an urgent need, and therefore become the subject of national policy guidance. From May 2010 to June 2015, between 5 years, the state has introduced 12 regulatory policies to ensure effective control of VOCs. Policy issued by the Ministry of environmental protection, the Ministry of finance, Ministry of industry, the State Council, and so on, shows that the state strictly control VOC, from the source to control haze determination. In 2013 the State Council promulgated the "history of the most stringent" air pollution prevention and control plan (air pollution prevention action plan), for the next five years to carry out air pollution control in china. In the 13 years of legislation based on the revised air pollution prevention act, the VOCs product standards are listed, the requirements of the development of coal, fuel, petroleum coke, biomass fuels, fireworks, coatings and other products containing volatile organic standards, a clear ring. In the industrial air pollution prevention and control section, a total of four and VOCs exhaust gas prevention and control, accounting for more than half of the chapter, followed by the relevant sections of the VOCs prevention and control is also involved in many countries will spend great efforts in the prevention and control of pollution VOCs, VOCs governance related industries will also usher in a golden period of development.

    表2:VOCs治理相關法規政策歷程
    Table 2:VOCs governance related laws and regulations policy process


    有關VOCs排污收費標準的規定,由國家發展改革委、財政部、環境保護部確定。本次采用創新型排污征費模式,最大限度調動企業自主申報的積極性,政府進行動態監督,鼓勵第三方參與,鼓勵社會和同行業進行監督。
    The provisions of the VOCs sewage charges, by the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of finance, the Ministry of environmental protection. The use of innovative sewage levy fee model, to maximize the mobilization of the enthusiasm of enterprises to declare their own initiative, the government for dynamic supervision, to encourage the third party to participate in, encourage social and industry supervision.

    圖4:VOCs排污征費模式
    Figure 4:VOCs sewage levy mode


    圖5:VOCs排污征費工作流程
    Figure 5:VOCs sewage levy work process


    根據《有機廢氣治理行業2013年發展綜述》,保守估算國內VOCs監測設備市場近200億元,治理市場需求在300億元/年。我們預測國內VOCs監測設備市場超500億元,治理市場需求在200億元/年。
    According to the organic waste gas treatment industry in 2013, the development of a conservative estimate of the domestic VOCs monitoring equipment market nearly 20 billion yuan, governance market demand in 30 billion yuan / year. We predict that the domestic VOCs monitoring equipment market over 50 billion yuan, the market demand for governance in 20 billion yuan / year.

    (1)、在線監測需求555億
    (1) online monitoring needs 55 billion 500 million

    近期,財政部等三部委聯合印發《揮發性有機物排污收費試點辦法》,將VOCs的排污費與其他大氣污染物提到同一高度,要求10月1日起石油化工和包裝印刷作為重點行業開始征收,北京地區最高40元/公斤。高額征收標準將倒逼企業新增VOCs監測設備與治理設施。同時,“十三五”期間重點區域的污染物總量控制指標將新增VOCs。在政策的持續推動下,VOCs治理行業將迎來加速發展,而作為VOCs治理的基礎與保障的監測系統,其市場則有望率先爆發。
    Recently, the Ministry of Finance and other three ministries jointly issued volatile organic sewage charges pilot approach, the VOCs sewage charges and other atmospheric pollutants to the same height, the requirements of oil chemical industry and packaging printing as the focus of the industry began to levy, Beijing area of the highest 40 yuan / kg. High standards will be forced to impose new VOCs monitoring equipment and management facilities. At the same time, thirteen five period the total pollutant control targets in key areas will be added to VOCs. In the continuous promotion of the policy, VOCs governance industry will usher in accelerated development, and as the basis for VOCs governance and security monitoring system, the market is expected to lead the first outbreak.

    VOCs監測市場包括城市、工業園區及污染源監測市場。VOCs在線監測設備的需求覆蓋全國。
    VOCs monitoring market, including urban, industrial parks and pollution sources monitoring market. VOCs online monitoring equipment needs to cover the whole country.

    圖6:VOCs監測市場:城市、工業園區與污染源監測市場
    Figure 6:VOCs monitoring market: urban, industrial parks and pollution sources monitoring market


    假設未來每個城市空氣質量監測點位都增添VOCs監測設備,單套設備180萬元來估算。我國現有城市監測點位1512個,城市在線監測的市場空間為27.22億元。根據現有435個國家級產業園區和1222個省級產業園區,按照每個園區兩個監測點(廠區和生活區),每個監測點投入180萬元進行估算,則相關產業園區的VOCs監測市場將達到59.65億元。根據《重點區域大氣污染防治“十二五”規劃重點工程項目》對于全國共計1311個VOCs重點治理企業,以及上海市進行的補貼范圍面向的企業數量(重點治理企業28個,補貼企業2000個)比例來估算,VOCs監測設備在污染源端有望實現最高9.36萬臺。按照污染源單套監測設備50萬元估算,市場空間將達468.21億元。因此,我國在線監測市場預計555億元。
    Assume that the future air quality monitoring sites in each city are added to VOCs monitoring equipment, estimation of a single set of equipment 1 million 800 thousand yuan. China's existing urban monitoring points 1512, the market space for the city online monitoring for the first. According to the existing 435 national industrial parks and 1222 provincial industrial parks, in accordance with the two monitoring points (plant and living area), each of the 1 million 800 thousand monitoring points to be estimated, then the relevant industrial park VOCs monitoring market will reach yuan. According to the key areas of air pollution prevention and control of the Twelfth Five Year Plan key projects for the country a total of 1311 VOCs focus management companies, as well as Shanghai City, the number of subsidies for enterprises (focus on corporate governance 28, 2000) to estimate the proportion of subsidies, VOCs monitoring equipment is expected to achieve the highest in the pollution source. According to a single set of pollution sources monitoring equipment 500 thousand yuan estimates, the market space will reach yuan. Therefore, China's online monitoring market is expected to 55 billion 500 million yuan.

    表3:在線監測投資額預測
    Table 3: online monitoring of investment forecast


    (2)、“十三五”治理設施需求超900億
    (2), "45" treatment facilities demand over 90 billion

    我國作為制造業大國,涉及到VOCs污染排放的行業眾多,VOCs重污染行業在我國占了全世界大部分的產能,加之企業普遍清潔生產水平較低,造成我國的VOCs排放總量巨大,因此從近期來看,中國VOCs治理的市場巨大,是其他國家在發展過程中都沒遇到過的。VOCs的治理包括以下幾部分:(1)工藝改進;(2)泄漏控制(LDAR);(3)浮頂罐替代固定罐或安裝密閉排氣系統;(4)末端處理。根據《重點區域大氣污染物防治“十二五”規劃重點工程項目》中所需投資總計3500億元,其中615億元直接用于揮發性有機物污染(VOCs)治理項目,新增揮發性有機物減排能力101萬噸/年,占總投資的17.6%??梢灶A見“十三五”將繼續新增VOCs減排能力,同時已將VOCs列入污染物總量控制指標體系,故按照治理項目在原有基礎上增加50%推測,“十三五”期間針對VOCs治理項目所需投資不低于922億元,每年投入約200億。
    China as a manufacturing power, related to the VOCs pollution emissions, VOCs heavy pollution industry in our country accounted for most of the world production capacity, coupled with the low level of corporate universal cleaner production, resulting in a huge amount of VOCs emissions in China, so the market is huge, China VOCs governance is not encountered in other countries in the development process. VOCs includes the following several parts: (1) process improvement; (2) leakage control (LDAR); (3) the floating roof tank is replaced by a fixed tank or a closed exhaust system; (4) end treatment. According to the key areas of air pollution prevention and control "Twelve five" plan key projects, the total investment of 350 billion yuan, of which 61 billion 500 million yuan directly for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) governance projects, the new volatile organic emissions reduction capacity of 1 million 10 thousand tons / year, accounting for 17.6% of total investment. Can foreknow "45" will continue to add VOCs reduction ability, at the same time will be included in the VOCs index system of total control of pollutants, so in accordance with the project on the basis of the original 50% increase that thirteen five period for VOCs governance required for the project investment of not less than 92 billion 200 million yuan, annual investment of about 20 billion.


     
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